South Africa



Pretoria
54 001 953 (2014)
1 219 090 km2
470 693 mi2
3 408 m
11 181 ft
Njesuthi

Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (Afrikaners, called "Boers" (farmers) by the British) trekked north to found their own republics in lands taken from the indigenous black inhabitants. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants. The Afrikaners resisted British encroachments but were defeated in the Second South African War (1899-1902); however, the British and the Afrikaners, ruled together beginning in 1910 under the Union of South Africa, which became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum. In 1948, the Afrikaner-dominated National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson MANDELA, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule. The first multi-racial elections in 1994 following the end of apartheid ushered in majority rule under an ANC-led government. South Africa since then has struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care. ANC infighting came to a head in 2008 when President Thabo MBEKI was recalled by Parliament, and Deputy President Kgalema MOTLANTHE, succeeded him as interim president. Jacob ZUMA became president after the ANC won general elections in 2009; he was reelected in 2014.
  • mostly semiarid
  • subtropical along east coast
  • sunny days, cool nights

Africa
Southern Africa

Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa

  • South Africa completely surrounds Lesotho and almost completely surrounds Swaziland

  • vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain

Njesuthi
3 408 m
11 181 ft
Atlantic Ocean
0 m
0 ft
Njesuthi Mount Everest
  • gold
  • chromium
  • antimony
  • coal
  • iron ore
  • manganese
  • nickel
  • phosphates
  • tin
  • rare earth elements
  • uranium
  • gem diamonds
  • platinum
  • copper
  • vanadium
  • salt
  • natural gas
Prolonged droughts
The volcano forming Marion Island in the Prince Edward Islands, which last erupted in 2004, is South Africa's only active volcano
  • lack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures
  • growth in water usage outpacing supply
  • pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and urban discharge
  • air pollution resulting in acid rain
  • soil erosion
  • desertification

1 219 090 km2
470 693 mi2
1 214 470 km2
468 909 mi2
4 620 km2
1 784 mi2
4.03 % 2.73 % 11.98 % 4.93 % 6.83 % 15.85 % 8.71 % 0.24 %
5244 km
3258 mi
Botswana 1969 km/1223 mi
Lesotho 1106 km/687 mi
Mozambique 496 km/308 mi
Namibia 1005 km/624 mi
Swaziland 438 km/272 mi
Zimbabwe 230 km/143 mi

2 798 km/1 739 mi

7.62 %

10.30 %

79.80 %
  • corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables
  • beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products
  • mining (world's largest producer of platinum
  • gold
  • chromium)
  • automobile assembly
  • metalworking
  • machinery
  • textiles
  • iron and steel
  • chemicals
  • fertilizer
  • foodstuffs
  • commercial ship repair

54 001 953

+1.58%

50.9 %

49.1 %
0-14

29.5 %
15-64

65.4 %
65+

5 %

44.30 / km2
114.73 / mi2

64.30%
34 722 176

36%
19 279 777

54.74 yrs

58.83 Years

56.82 Years
4.86 % 1.22 % 7.27 % 10.21 % 13.94 % 143.19 % 0.73 %
  • IsiZulu (official) 22.7%
  • IsiXhosa (official) 16%
  • Afrikaans (official) 13.5%
  • English (official) 9.6%
  • Sepedi (official) 9.1%
  • Setswana (official) 8%
  • Sesotho (official) 7.6%
  • Xitsonga (official) 4.5%
  • SiSwati (official) 2.5%
  • Tshivenda (official) 2.4%
  • IsiNdebele (official) 2.1%
  • Sign language 0.5%
  • Other 1.6%
  • Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%
  • Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%; Methodist 6.8%
  • Dutch Reformed 6.7%; Anglican 3.8%)
  • Catholic 7.1%
  • Muslim 1.5%
  • Other Christian 36%
  • Other 2.3%
  • Unspecified 1.4%
  • None 15.1% (2001 census)
  • Black African 80.2%
  • White 8.4%
  • Colored 8.8%
  • Indian/Asian 2.5%


South Africa


South Africa

Afrique du Sud

República de Sudáfrica

Sud Africa

南アフリカ
Republic



Bicameral Parliament consists of the National Council of Provinces (90 seats; 10-member delegations appointed by each of the 9 provincial legislatures to serve 5-year terms; note - this council has special powers to protect regional interests, including safeguarding cultural and linguistic traditions among ethnic minorities) and the National Assembly (400 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)

Two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band that splits into a horizontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side; the Y embraces a black isosceles triangle from which the arms are separated by narrow yellow bands; the red and blue bands are separated from the green band and its arms by narrow white stripes; the flag colors do not have any official symbolism, but the Y stands for the "convergence of diverse elements within South African society, taking the road ahead in unity"; black, yellow, and green are found on the flag of the African National Congress, while red, white, and blue are the colors in the flags of the Netherlands and the UK, whose settlers ruled South Africa during the colonial era
"National Anthem of South Africa"
Springbok (antelope), king protea flower
National colors: red, green, blue, yellow, black, white
President Jacob ZUMA (since 9 May 2009)
Deputy President Matamela Cyril RAMAPHOSA (since 26 May 2014) note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
  • 31 May 1910
    (Union of South Africa formed from four British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange Free State)
    31 May 1961
    (republic declared)
    27 April 1994
    (majority rule)

  • Freedom Day, 27 April (1994)
ACP, AfDB, AU, BIS, BRICS, C, CD, FAO, FATF, G-20, G-24, G-5, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, NSG, OECD (Enhanced Engagement, OPCW, Paris Club (associate), PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Pretoria
25 42 S, 28 13 E
UTC+2

Johannesburg 9.399 million
Cape Town 3.66 million
Durban 2.901 million
PRETORIA 2.059 million
Port Elizabeth 1.179 million
Vereeniging 1.155 million

9 provinces
Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, Western Cape
566 (2013)
Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha Bay
2.8
beds/1,000 population (2005)
0.78
physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Supreme Court of Appeals (consists of the court president, deputy president, and 21 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of the chief and deputy chief justices and 9 judges)
18 years of age
universal

South African National Defense Force (SANDF)
South African Army, South African Navy (SAN), South African Air Force (SAAF), South African Military Health Services (2013)


South Africa is a middle-income, emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources; well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors; and a stock exchange that is Africa’s largest and among the top 20 in the world. ++ Even though the country's modern infrastructure supports a relatively efficient distribution of goods to major urban centers throughout the region, unstable electricity supplies retard growth. Economic growth has decelerated in recent years, slowing to just 1.5% in 2014. Unemployment, poverty, and inequality - among the highest in the world - remain a challenge. Official unemployment is roughly 25% of the work force, and runs significantly higher among black youth. Eskom, the state-run power company, is building three new power stations and is installing new power demand management programs to improve power grid reliability. Load shedding and resulting rolling blackouts gripped many parts of South Africa in late 2014 and early 2015 because of electricity supply constraints that resulted from technical problems at some generation units, unavoidable planned maintenance, and an accident at a power station in Mpumalanga province. The rolling black outs were the worst the country faced since 2008. Construction delays at two additional plants, however, mean South Africa will continue to operate on a razor thin margin; economists judge that growth cannot exceed 3% until electrical supply problems are resolved. ++ South Africa's economic policy has focused on controlling inflation; however, the country faces structural constraints that also limit economic growth, such as skills shortages, declining global competitiveness and frequent work stoppages due to strike action. The current government faces growing pressure from urban constituencies to improve the delivery of basic services to low-income areas and to increase job growth.

704 520 889 157.6
$USD
13 046.2
$USD
+1.52
%
machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs
  • China 15.5%
  • Germany 10.1%
  • Saudi Arabia 7.2%
  • US 6.7%
  • Nigeria 5.2%
  • India 4.6%
gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment
  • China 9.5%
  • US 7.1%
  • Japan 5.3%
  • Botswana 5.3%
  • Germany 5%
  • Namibia 5%
  • India 4.1%
rand (ZAR) per US dollar
10.8469 (2014 est.)

6.1% (2014 est.)
747 014 km
464 173 mi
20 986 km
13 040 mi
8 per 100 people
country code - 27
the SAT-3/WASC and SAFE fiber-optic submarine cable systems connect South Africa to Europe and Asia
149.68 / 100
49.00 / 100
.za
  • the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) operates 4 TV stations, 3 are free-to-air and 1 is pay TV
  • e.tv, a private station, is accessible to more than half the population
  • multiple subscription TV services provide a mix of local and international channels
  • well-developed mix of public and private radio stations at the national, regional, and local levels
  • the SABC radio network, state-owned and controlled but nominally independent, operates 18 stations, one for each of the 11 official languages, 4 community stations, and 3 commercial stations
  • more than 100 community-based stations extend coverage to rural areas (2007)
AM 14
FM 347 (plus 243 repeaters)
shortwave 1 (1998)
477 241.72 kt
9.26
kt per capita
14.33
μg/m3
21 870.20
kt CO2 equivalent
65 311.30
kt CO2 equivalent
25
116
103
1 922
93 %
85 %
2 675
kg of oil equivalent per capita
87 %
3 %

Data source: worldbank.com, wikipedia.org, infoplease.com, CIA World Factbook


Units

Language



This wiki might help to use the full potential of Cannon Rocks weather website. The info section explains the hard and software and connections used.(In the menu bar under Weather Station and Cannon Rocks Weather) Weather data updates every minute. There is a mobile page with current conditions, forecast, forecast map, station history (with drop down menu for today, yesterday, month, year etc. showing all parameters) and lastly a graph with drop down menu for time period and parameter. (Nice for quick references) One can switch to the desktop page using the link in bottom right hand corner and vice versa. The desktop version is where very detailed weather info is available. (Nice for more in depth information) It is divided in “blocks” The sunrise/sunset times and day length is shown. Moon with dates of full moon, new moon etc. The current block shows weather values in easy to read numerical format and updates every minute. “Live gauges” updates every minute and when the curser is hovered over a parameter it will show the min and max values and the time when this occurred. In the forecast maps one can use the menu bar top left of block to choose from windy or dark sky maps. Within the map one can choose from different parameters like wind, temperature, rain, thunder, clouds, pressure etc. Then station data is shown with now, max, min values and drop down menu for different time periods. There is also a history block where one can choose different parameters and a trends block with 1,3,6,12,24 hrs etc trends. Next is a forecast meteogram which is dynamic and moving the cursor over it will show all weather parameters at that point. Then easy to read forecast with dropdown the default using the Norwegian institute of meteorology values.(seems to be most accurate) Next is rainfall for today, this month, this year (from January) Drop down gives more options like seasonal(from September) etc. Rain balance is the stations values measured against 100 year rain data for Cannon Rocks district obtained from SA weather services. There are several wind parameters, graphs, wind rose, sea temperature, uv index. Next is graph with several drop down options and a day pie graph where one can pick dates and parameters. In extremes one can pick a parameter like absolute temperature, precipitation etc. to see max/min value dates and times. There is a air quality block click within block for more info. Map to show location of station. Webcam with view from Sandra Street house updates every 5 minutes. For aviation enthusiasts Cloud height time to sunset and density altitude. Then SA weather warnings from SA weather services, lightning detection and fire danger index. Followed by calendar, earthquakes and astronomical events. World weather...shows current conditions in few world cities. Database: data is stored every 5 mins and available data runs from January 2018. The menu bar at the top is really self explanatory and here one can get countless information, statistics etc.) Enjoy!! Leon :leonrossouw@me.com

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